An algorithm is a procedural set of instructions composed of mathematical and logical expressions used to solve a problem or perform a particular task in manufacturing.
Industry 4.0 is driven by disruptive forces like the internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML). Algorithms play a defining role in creating ML models to improve the efficiency of various activities. For instance, algorithms will empower computer systems to instruct machines in ways to improve precision and eliminate waste. This in turn will empower the floor personnel to optimize the manufacturing process and ensure better returns.